March 21 is declared as the INTERNATIONAL DAY OF FORESTS

BioGov: Biodiversity Governance India Initiative

Dear Readers,

The Plant Kingdom is the only living entity that sacrifices everything for the benefit of others including mankind. Forests – the home of the Plant kingdom works as a store house to supply all the Basic Life Supporting System (BLiSS). Besides tangible and intangible benefit flow, the Plant kingdom also extends subtle blessings and wisdom to the aspirants through their spirit of unending services in silence as monks. Thus, forests as a composition of innumerable plants operate as the ‘Sea of monks’ being panacea to the human beings and other living organisms. These very facts urge for a committed, logical and scientific approach in conserving, managing and expanding our forest resources for the present as well as for the generations to come.

I acknowledge the source of everything that is in this book and accept my indebtedness to that infinite source of strength that exists in all living beings especially in the form of plant kingdom, which pulled me affectionately and instilled all wisdom documented in this book through their selfless service in silence.

I, come from there. . . . .

Biodiversity GovernanceManoj Kumar Sarkar

Dr Manoj Kumar Sarkar, IFS

Mob. : +91 94872 57228


The First Editorial

Dr Sunil Kumar Verma, D.Phil. (University of Oxford, UK)

From the Editors desk: Two words of Grace for BioGov


Dr Sunil Kumar Verma

Dr Sunil Kumar Verma, D.Phil (University of Oxford). Photo licensed under: Creative Commons License

BioGov: An online portal for Biodiversity Governance for Endemic and Threatened Plants of India

Dr. Sunil Kumar Verma, D.Phil. (Oxford, England)
Principal Scientist
Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt. of India
Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500 007, India

The woods are lovely dark and deep…
But I have promises to keep…
And miles to go before I sleep…
And miles to go before I sleep…

…From Stopping By Woods

Dear Readers,

On the auspicious occasion of International Biological Diversity Day today (22 May 2014), we are pleased and privileged to dedicate this BioGov portal ( to the endeavors of Biodiversity Governance in India.

As you know, India is very rich in Biodiversity; however, unsustainable harvesting and illegal exploitation of large number of highly precious plants in India has raised a serious alarm on the existence of hundreds of endemic (Indian) plant species. As per the decade long comprehensive studies conducted by Dr. M. K. Sarkar on the Biodiversity Governance in India, a total of 201 life saving Medicinal Plants species are suffering from various degree of threats. Some of those 201 species are on the verge of extinction. Nevertheless, the Indian legislation only provides to protect merely the ‘six’ plant species under the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972. Moreover, this number of protected plant species remained just the ‘six’ even after 42 years of the inception of this Act. The International authoritative databases enlisting threatened and endangered plants are mostly silent for most of the threatened plant species of India due to lack of information. Lack of effective Governance Policies further worsens the situation. Thus, there is a lot that need to be done as a matter of urgency in this sub-continent.

Dr. M. K. Sarkar, the author of important book “Biodiversity Governance for Managing Endemic and Threatened Medicinal Plants in India – A Geoinformatic Approach” deserves big thanks for igniting the Spirit of Biodiversity Governance in India and allowing BioGov to make his entire work available via this portal so that the country could benefit from his life-time studies on Biodiversity Governance.

In the initial stage of its development, the portal thrust to document and present the important scientific findings and other work of Dr. Sarkar on Plant Kingdom in a user friendly manner. In the second stage, a comprehensive reference database on the endemic plants of India (Endemic Plants Reference Database: EPRD) would be developed. We hope that this database would not only fill the gap between researchers and policy makers but would be very useful for the curators and lovers of plants and would represent the Indian plant diversity on global map. Provided the availability of funds, we shall then proceed to do the DNA profiling of all the threatened plants species of India so that the illegal trade of them could be controlled by law enforcement.

While starting this scientific cum spiritual journey, we seek your good wishes and blessings so that it meets its single goal – Serving them who selflessly serve others in silence endlessly!

May God bless all….

Logo of


[Sunil Kumar Verma]

Mob. : +91 9908607728


Biodiversity Governance for Managing Endemic and Threatened Medicinal Plants in India – A Geoinformatic Approach

Manoj Kumar Sarkar, I.F.S.

Published By

Biodiversity Governance -

  • Table of Contents

Executive Summary
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Background and Context
Chapter 3: The Study Area (KMTR)
Chapter 4: Methodology
Chapter 5: Results & discussion
Chapter 6: Recommendations and Action Plan
Chapter 7: Conclusions

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